Many people take glucosamine supplements to relieve joint pain from osteoarthritis. The good news is that this practice may offer some protection against heart attack and stroke, as well. British researchers surveyed more than 466,000 patients, none of whom had been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease at the time. As reported in BMJ May 14, 2019, during the next seven years there were 5,745 heart attacks, 3,263 strokes and 3,060 cardiovascular deaths in the group. After adjusting for other risk factors, habitual glucosamine use was associated with a significantly lower risk of all types of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events.
Between a Rock and a Hard PlaceSymptoms caused by very high and very low blood sugar levels can be frightening, and even dangerous. The extent and severity of symptoms interfere with quality of life. Many patients are unable to hold a job, or even make advance plans with confidence. Personal relationships can suffer. Some patients end up in the emergency department multiple times aweek.
Most heart-attack-causing lesions occur in the upper one-third of an artery. CABG bypasses these lesions and much of the remaining artery by attaching the bypass graft far downstream in an area less vulnerable to disease. As the disease continues to evolve in the artery, the bypass graft continues delivering oxygenated blood to the heart muscle nourished by the artery. This is how CABG prevents future heart attacks from occurring.
We all know people who seem younger or older than the number of birthdays theyve had. Youll hear someone say, Shes a young 80, or He looks 10 years older than he is. Thats because chronological age-the number of years you have been alive-does not always correspond with physiological age, or how fast your body is aging.
A sensation of pressure, pain or squeezing in the center of your chest is a classic symptom of heart attack. It's common for this pain to radiate to your jaw, neck, back or arm. Even if it spreads outside the chest, it's called chest pain or, in medical terms, angina. But people can experience chest pain for reasons other than a heart attack. So how can you tell whether your chest pain is an emergency?
What's your systolic blood pressure? The answer may depend on whether the reading is taken in your upper arm or wrist. Researchers have found the variation to be as large as 20 mmHg in 14 percent of the people tested. On average, a reading taken in the radial artery at the wrist was 5.5 mmHg higher than that taken in the brachial artery on the bicep. This could have implications for who is given anti-hypertension drugs, the authors said online March 25, 2019, in Hypertension.
The survey polled a cross section of 1,002 adults. The majority (88 percent) said they were aware of the connection between a healthy weight and a healthy heart, and 65 percent said they were worried about getting heart disease. Yet when the researchers probed further, smaller percentages understood the relationship between individual risk factors for heart disease and obesity:
Eliminate added sugar. If you are already restricting salt intake, make sure you are eating high-quality carbohydrates, such as whole grains. Eliminate added sugar in the form of sugar-sweetened beverages, jelly, syrup, candy, baked goods and desserts. "It's tempting to reach for sugary treats for the quick energy they provide, but in the long run, they will cause your blood sugar to drop and you'll feel more tired," Zumpano explains.
Although the effects of ASA are not fully understood, they may be a possible risk factor for an unexplained ("cryptogenic") stroke, since the occurrence is higher in patients undergoing echo in this setting. In these cases, the ASA is usually large and/or hyper mobile and is associated with a large amount of blood being shunted between the atria due to a PFO or septal defect. Identifying these abnormalities in a stroke patient does not necessarily prove a causal relationship, since other stroke causes may be present.
On the other hand, every year the Environmental Working Group (EWG) tests 40,000 samples of 47 fruits and vegetables and publishes a report of those with the highest and lowest amounts of pesticide residue. These lists are known as the "Dirty Dozen" and "Clean 15." This year, the EWG found 92 percent of kale samples contained two or more pesticide residues. Up to 18 different residues were found on a single sample; 60 percent contained a pesticide classified as a possible human carcinogen. A different pesticide known to be toxic to the human nervous system was widely found on hot peppers.
If a first-degree male relative (father, uncle or brother) was diagnosed with coronary artery disease or cerebrovascular disease, or had a heart attack or stroke before age 55, or a first-degree female relative (mother, aunt or sister) was diagnosed before age 65, you have a significant family history of cardiovascular disease and are at increased risk yourself. You should be screened for blood pressure and cholesterol as early as possible and have regular checkups.
A key differentiator is the intensity of pain.In the movies, heart-attack victims often clutch their chest and grimace in pain before collapsing. But it is unusual for a heart attack to produce intense pain. Heart-attack pain is generally described as an unrelenting sensation of pressure, like an elephant sitting on your chest.