After a girl ages out of a pediatricians care, her next doctor is likely to be a gynecologist. Unless she has a chronic health condition or suffers a health scare, this may be the only doctor she sees for many years. But young women would be wise to establish a relationship with a general practitioner, who will examine them for cardiovascular risk factors and address these issues early.
If you have type 2 diabetes, theres a good chance you are overweight or obese. Its also likely your doctor has told you that you need to lose weight in order to regulate your blood sugar. But no matter how hard you try, the pounds dont budge. Your diabetes medication may be the problem.
Aerobic exercise is called cardiovascular exercise for good reason: It strengthens the heart and lungs, improving your ability to exercise longer (functional capacity), along with your stamina and fitness. If you have coronary artery disease or have had a heart attack, aerobic exercise can lower the chance of having another heart attack and increase the likelihood of living a longer life.
For patients with advanced peripheral arterial disease (PAD), walking from one room to another can be a slow, painful journey. Thats because fatty plaques in their leg arteries obstruct blood flow, causing leg cramps. This type of cramping that is triggered by exercise and relieved by rest is called claudication.
Chocolate, particularly dark chocolate, often gets tabbed as a heart-healthy treat. The idea is that the flavanols in chocolate have disease-fighting antioxidant power that preserves the health of your blood vessels, and may have other properties that improve blood pressure and help prevent blood clots. Flavanols are a type of flavanoid, a substance also found in fruits and vegetables that helps protect plants from toxins and environmental damage.
You take your blood pressure medications, exercise daily, and follow a heart-healthy diet. But you still struggle to get a handle on your hypertension. Or maybe youre taking several pills to get your blood pressure into a healthy range, and youd like to reduce the number of medications you take every day. Relax. Just relax. It isnt that those concerns arent valid. Its that you may just want to mix in some relaxation techniques to lower blood pressure. Stress is an unseen threat to your health, but it shouldnt be overlooked.
Strength training should be a regular part of your exercise regimen. In a recent study, researchers found that people who did strength training for up to an hour a week reduced their risk of developing metabolic syndrome by as much as 29 percent. Metabolic syndrome is a collection of risk factors that raise your risk of developing cardiovascular disease. You are considered to have metabolic syndrome if you have three of the following risk factors:
A diagnosis of type 2 diabetes demands a number of changes to everyday life. In addition to medications and more exercise, one of the biggest adjustments you have to make is to your daily diet. But a diet for diabetes isnt simply one that includes fewer carbohydrates (though that is crucial). Youll need to look at how you time your meals, how much protein and fiber youre consuming, and get to know the foods you should be eating and those you should avoid.
When blood pressure control requires medications, you and your doctor have many options. There are dozens of types of antihypertensive drugs, and within each class of drug there are dozens more brand and generic options.
A Mediterranean-style eating plan is recommended for heart patients, as well as anyone with heart disease risk factors. With its emphasis on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish or lean proteins, nuts, legumes, low-fat or non-fat dairy, and splashes of olive oil and red wine-as well as little or no red meat and few sweets-a Mediterranean diet provides a well-balanced source of the nutrients you need to stay healthy.
You know you should exercise regularly. Maybe your doctor has recommended at least 30 to 40 minutes a day of brisk walking with some strength training mixed in. But what if your schedule, your body, or your best intentions just arent getting you to the gym every day? Can you make up the difference with a couple of longer workouts on the weekends? Sort of.
Patients who have heart surgery tend to have their blood drawn several times before and after their operations. Health care providers are looking for signs of infection or anemia.But a recent study by Cleveland Clinic researchers suggests that too many blood tests may be a problem. A study published in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery found laboratory testing of patients undergoing cardiac surgery can lead to excessive bloodletting. And that increases the risk of developing hospital-acquired anemia and a greater need for blood transfusions.
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