Angiotensin is a hormone that, when converted to angiotensin II, causes your blood vessels to contrict. This forces blood pressure to rise. Several types of blood pressure-lowering drugs are designed to block the formation of angiotensin II or interfere with its ability to narrow your arteries.
Its not uncommon for someone needing cardiac rehabilitation to simultaneously face other health problems, such as diabetes, arthritis, or Parkinsons disease. But an especially common dual challenge is dealing with heart disease and a lung condition, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that requires pulmonary rehabilitation. This presents a unique challenge to the patient and to the rehab specialists designing programs that help improve heart health and make breathing a little easier.
I have elevated cholesterol, and for many years when I had blood work I was told to fast for 12 hours. Recently my primary care physician said that a non-fasting measurement would be as accurate. I have diabetes, and episodes of low blood sugar and fasting can sometimes cause a symptomatic drop in my blood sugar. What do you think? Ive read online that there is little evidence to support the use of statins in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and that the risks outweigh the benefits. I have no previous cardiovascular disease. How do I know if I should take statins?
Stroke is among the leading causes of death in the U.S., but it is still a misunderstood health condition. Plenty of myths and misguided ideas surround stroke, from its causes and symptoms to its potential severity and the particulars of recovery. To help clear up some misunderstandings, Efrain Salgado, MD, director of the Cleveland Clinic Florida Stroke Center and Neurosonology Laboratory, explains the truth about 10 common stroke myths
Radiofrequency ablation is a useful tool for the management of individuals with symptomatic atrial fibrillation and as an alternative to antiarrhythmic medications. Taking a few minutes to relax each day and release stress could help lower your risk of cardiovascular disease. There are different types of meditation practices using techniques such as deep breathing, sustained focus on a phrase or sound or quiet contemplation to help create a stress-free, relaxed state of mind.
Since the cholesterol-lowering drugs PCSK9 inhibitors were first approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) two years ago, there has been considerable curiosity about just how effective they can be, and whether they will be affordable for the averageconsumer.
After more than 20 years I finally quit smoking a year ago. I know I feel better, but can any of the damage that smoking did to my heart or blood vessels ever be undone? I have type 2 diabetes treated with metformin and a history of a coronary stent. I have recently heard that there are newer diabetes medications that may reduce the risk of future heart disease. Should I be taking these?
Whether your diet is too high in unhealthy foods or simply lacks enough healthy items, you may be putting yourself at risk of becoming part of a very disturbing statistic. According to research published recently in JAMA, eating a diet lacking in healthy foods and/or one that is too high in unhealthy foods may have contributed to more than 400,000 deaths from heart and blood vessel diseases in the U.S. in 2015 alone. Unhealthy foods were identified as those containing high amounts of unhealthy ingredients, such as sodium and trans fats. The list of healthy foods includes vegetables, fruits, whole grains, high-omega-3 seafood, and nuts. The researchers suggest that nearly half of the cardiovascular disease deaths in the U.S. could be prevented by improving diet.
Chances are that if you dont take a blood pressure-lowering drug now, you may need to in the future. And if not you, someone close to you may need an antihypertensive medication. About one out of three American adults has high blood pressure, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Controlling hypertension usually involves a combination of one or more blood pressure-lowering drugs, weight management, diabetes control, a heart-healthy diet, no smoking and regular exercise. In addition, there are other factors that go into devising a personalized treatment plan.
New guidelines for the treatment of individuals with peripheral artery disease (PAD) focus on the use of statins to control cholesterol and antiplatelet medications, such as aspirin or clopidogrel (Plavix), to help prevent bloodclots. The guidelines from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology were last updated in 2011. New recommendations to the guidelines include avoiding secondhand smoke and getting an annual flushot.
Individuals who have high blood pressure in middle age may be at a higher risk of cognitive impairment in old age. In the journal Hypertension, the American Heart Association (AHA) issued a statement calling for more clinical trials to better understand the role high blood pressure plays in the vascular health of the brain. There have been many observational studies suggesting a strong link between chronic hypertension and cognitive decline, but the AHA said more tangible evidence is needed.
In a study of almost 15,000 patients, Chinese researchers found that heart attack survivors who took medications to help prevent heart attacks tended to have less-severe events. Despite the common perception that moderate alcohol consumption is good for the heart, a recent study suggests that even one drink a day over a period of many years may raise the risk of developing atrial fibrillation (afib) by as much as five percent. A noninvasive therapy that balances right-side and left-side brain frequencies was associated with lower blood pressure, according to a study. The technology, called high-resolution, relational, resonance based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM), also appears to help control migraine headache symptoms and improve heart rate variability