Your Next Open-Heart Surgery Will Be Riskier Than the First

Here's how to get the best possible outcome from a reoperation


With a nationwide in-hospital mortality rate of 2.3% (less than 1% at Cleveland Clinic), first-time coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is remarkably safe. After the first CABG, however, the mortality rate for repeat CABG is higher, because the surgery is exponentially more complex andpatients tend to be older and sicker.

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